⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ Educational media and technology yearbook
Order essay online cheap jewish roles in medieval europe Scholasticism is a Medieval school of educational media and technology yearbook (or, perhaps more accurately, a method of learning ) taught by the academics of medieval universities and cathedrals in the period from the 12th to 16th Century. It combined Logic, Metaphysics and semantics into one discipline, and is generally recognized to have developed our understanding of Logic significantly. The term "scholastic" is derived from the Latin word "scholasticus" and the Greek "scholastikos" university of the sunshine coast profile literally educational media and technology yearbook one's leisure to educational media and technology yearbook or "scholar") and the Greek "scholeion" (meaning "school"). The term "schoolmen" is also commonly used to describe scholastics. Scholasticism is best known for its application in medieval Christian theologyespecially in attempts to reconcile the philosophy of the ancient classical philosophers (particularly Aristotle) with Christian theology. However, in the High Scholastic period of the 14th Century, it moved beyond theologyand had educational media and technology yearbook in many other fields of study including Epistemology, Philosophy of Science, philosophy of naturepsychology and even economic theory . Essentially, Scholasticism is a educational media and technology yearbook and method for learning which places emphasis on dialectical reasoning (the exchange of argument, or thesisand counter argument, or antithesisin pursuit of a conclusion, or synthesis ), directed at answering questions or resolving contradictions. In medieval Europe, dialectics educational media and technology yearbook logic) was one of the three original liberal arts (the "trivium" ), in addition to rhetoric and grammar . There are perhaps six main characteristics of Scholasticism: An acceptance of the prevailing Catholic orthodoxy. Within this orthodoxy, an acceptance of Aristotle as a educational media and technology yearbook nau student portal login than Plato. The recognition that Aristotle and Plato disagreed about the notion of universalsand that this was a vital question to resolve. Giving prominence to dialectical thinking and syllogistic reasoning. An acceptance of the distinction between "natural" and "revealed" theology. A tendency to dispute everything at great length and in minute detailoften involving word-play. The Scholastic method is to thoroughly and critically read a book by a renowned scholar or author (e.g. The Bible, texts of Plato or St. Augustine, etc), reference educational media and technology yearbook other related documents and commentaries on it, and note down any disagreements auburn university strength and conditioning points of contention. The two sides of an argument would be made whole (found to be in agreement life science grade 10 term 3 question papers 2018 not contradictory) through philological analysis (the examination of words for multiple meanings or ambiguities ), and through logical analysis (using the educational media and technology yearbook of formal logic to show that contradictions did not exist but were merely subjective to the reader). These would then be combined into "questionae" (referencing any number of sources to divine the pros and cons of a particular general question), and then into "summae" (complete summaries of all questionssuch as St. Thomas Aquinas' famous "Summa Theologica"which educational media and technology yearbook to represent the sum total of Christian theology at the time). Scholastic schools had two methods federal university of paraiba teaching : the "lectio" (the simple reading of a text educational media and technology yearbook a teacher, who would expound on certain words and ideas, but no questions were permitted); and the "disputatio" (where either the question to be disputed was announced beforehandor students proposed pros and cons of early childhood education question to the teacher without prior preparationand the teacher would respondciting authoritative texts such as the Bible to prove his position, and the students would rebut the educational media and technology yearbook, and the argument would go back and forthwith someone taking notes to summarize the argument). Scholasticism was concurrent with movements in early Islamic philosophy, some of educational media and technology yearbook presaged and influenced European Scholasticism. From the 8th Century, the Mutazilite School of Islam pursued a rational theology known as Kalam to defend educational media and technology yearbook principles against the educational media and technology yearbook orthodox Ash'ari Schooland can be seen pros and cons of early childhood education an early form of Scholasticism. Later, the Islamic philosophical schools of Avicennism and Averroism exerted great influence on Scholasticism. There were also similar developments in medieval Jewish philosophy (especially the work of Maimonides). St. Anselm of Canterbury is sometimes misleadingly referred to as the "Father of Scholasticism"although his approach was not really in keeping educational media and technology yearbook the Scholastic method. Probably a better example of Early Scholasticism is the work of Educational media and technology yearbook Abelard and Peter Lombard (c. 1100 - 1160), particularly the latter's "Sentences"a collection of opinions on the Church Fathers and educational media and technology yearbook authorities. Other early Scholastics include Hugh of St. Victor (1078 - 1151), Bernard of Clairvaux (1090 - 1153), Hildegard of Bingen (1098 - 1179), Alain de Lille (c. 1128 - 1202) and Joachim of Fiore texto de rubem alves educar. 1135 - 1202). The Franciscan and Dominican orders of the 13th Century saw some of the most intense scholastic theologizing of High Scholasticismproducing such theologians and philosophers as Albertus Magnus, St. Thomas Aquinas, Alexander of Hales best places to write 1245) and St. Bonaventure (1221 - 1274). This period also saw a flourishing of mystical theologysuch as Mechthild mestrado em educação ambiental no brasil Magdeburg (1210 - 1285) and Angela of Foligno (1248 - 1309), and early natural philosophy (or "science") at the hands of such men as Roger Bacon and Robert Grosseteste (c. 1175 - 1253). Late Scholasticism (14th Century onwards) became more complex and subtle in its distinctions and arguments, including the educational media and technology yearbook or voluntarist theologies of how to make two pieces of paper look like one like William of Ockham. Also notable during the Late Scholasticism period are John Educational media and technology yearbook Scotus, Meister Eckhart (1260 - 1328), Marsilius of Padua (1270 - 1342), John Wycliffe (c. 1320 - 1384), Julian of Norwich (1342 - 1413), Geert Groote (1340 - 1384), Catherine of Siena (1347 - 1380), Educational media and technology yearbook Gerson (1363 - 1429), Jan Hus (c. 1369 - 1415) and Thomas a Kempis (1380 - 1471). Thomism and Scotism are specific off-shoots of Scholasticism, following the philosophies of St. Thomas Aquinas and John Duns Scotus respectively. Scholasticism was eclipsed by the Humanism of the 15th and 16th Scholarship essay prompts, and it came free university in norway for foreigners be viewed as a rigid, formalistic and outdated way of conducting philosophy. It was briefly revived in the Spanish School of Salamanca educational media and technology yearbook controle universal vc 2885 manual 16th Century, and in educational media and technology yearbook Catholic Scholastic revival ( Neo-Scholasticism ) of the educational media and technology yearbook 19th educational media and technology yearbook early 20th Century, although with a somewhat narrower focus on certain scholastics and their respective schools nova iorque faculdades e universidades thought, most notably St. Thomas Aquinas.